Suburbanising, compounding, home-making, ghettoising, squatting, gendering,
Suburban house, hostel, ghetto, favela, gated-enclave, bantustan, village.
The experiences and implications of race-making are profoundly shaped by the places where people live, their forms of housing, and their home-making practices. Central to these practices is the dispossession of land and gendered forms of control: disciplining enforced and enabled through housing and homes. These are recomposed and remade in modes of squatting and the homeplace (hooks) as spaces not reducible to imposed hardships. Domesticating as gendered, classed and racialized, is reproduced across scales ranging from the global displacement of domestic workers, to urban master planning resulting in the enclosing of fortified neighbourhoods, to the construction of suburbs as white spaces and the demarcation within houses of those serving from those served. These spatial typologies include labour hostels as sites for the exploitation of black labour, to new migrant detention centres in Europe and the renewed ghettoising of those deemed ‘other’. These typologies are underpinned by systemic colonial and racial capitalism. Domesticating is therefore necessarily sited within larger processes of land expropriation, the economies of home and practices of displacement across time. Yet this category also recognises that despite imposed structures of racial capital, complex realities are negotiated through enduring forms of intimacy and sustenance.
Film/ fiction/ Visualisations
Anyango Grünewald, Catherine and Taivassalo, Hannele. 2017. Scandorama [Graphic Novel]. Forlaget.
Ba, Miriama. 1981. Une Si Long Lettre / So Long a Letter. London: Heinemann.
Goldblatt, David. 1973. On the Mines [Photographs].
Sembene, Ousmane. 1966. La Noire [Film].
Caldeira, Teresa. 1996. “Fortified Enclaves, the New Urban Segregation”. Public Culture. 8: 303 – 328.
Harris, Dianne. 2012. Little White Houses: How the Postwar Home Constructed Race in America. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1 -25.
hooks, bell. 1990. “Homeplace: A Site of Resistance.” Yearning: Race, Gender, and Cultural Politics. Boston, MA: South End Press. 41 – 49.
Ramphele, Mamphela. 1993.“The Contours of Space” A Bed Called Home: Life in the Migrant Labour Hostels of Cape Town. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 15 - 30.
Achebe, Chinua. 2000. Home and Exile. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chattopadhyay, Swati. 2006.“The Limits of White Town” Representing Calcutta: Modernity, Nationalism and the Colonial Uncanny. London: Routledge, pp. 76 – 135.
Coetzer, Nicholas. 2013. “Distortions in the Mirror: Segregation, Control and Garden City Ideals at Langa Native Village.” Building Apartheid: On Architecture and Order in Imperial Cape Town. London: Routledge. 181 – 212.
Crane, Sheila. 2011. “On the Edge: The Internal Frontiers of Architecture in Algiers/ Marseille” The Journal of Architecture. 16:6, 941 – 973.
Du Bois, W.E.B. 1899. The Philadelphia Negro. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Datta, Ayona. 2012. The Illegal City: Space, Law and Gender in a Delhi Squatter Settlement. London: Routledge
Ginsburg, Rebecca. 2011. At Home with Apartheid: The Hidden Landscapes of Domestic Service in Johannesburg. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Harris, Cheryl I. 1993.“Whiteness as Property.” Harvard Law Review 106 (8): 1707–91.
Meade, Terry. 2011. "Violence and Domestic Space: Demolition and Destruction of Homes in the Occupied Palestinian Territories." The Journal of Architecture. 16:1, 71 – 87.
Murray, Noeleen and Leslie Witz. 2014. Hostels, Homes, Museum: Memorialising Migrant Labour Pasts in Lwandle, South Africa. Cape Town: UCT Press.
Nieftagodien, Noor. 2017.“Life in South Africa’s Hostels: Carceral Spaces and Places of Refuge.” Dwelling, 37 (3): 427 – 436.
Parrenas, Rhacel. S. 2008. The Force of Domesticity: Filipina Migrants and Globalisation. New York: New York University Press.
Salo, E.R. (2004) Respectable Mothers, Tough Men and Good Daughters: Producing Persons in Manenberg Township South Africa. PhD thesis, Emory University.
Tayob, Huda. 2017. “Fatima’s Shop: A Kind of Homeplace” in Frichot, Helene., Gabrielsson, Catharina., and Runting, Helen. (eds.). Architecture and Feminisms. London: Routledge, 265 – 270.
Vasudevan, Alex. 2017. The Autonomous City: A History of Urban Squatting. London: Verso.
Zhang,Yupeng.2017.“’It Felt Like You Were at War’: State of Exception and Wounded Life in the Shanghai Expo- Induced Domicide.” In Brickell, Katherine, Arrigoitia, Fernandez Arrigoitia, Melissa, and Vasudevan, Alexander (eds.), Geographies of Forced Eviction: Dispossession, Violence, Resistance, London: Palgrave MacMillan, 97 – 119.